GEOGRAPHY

Fieldwork

ACTIVITIES

Introduction
Fieldwork guide
Geographical relationships
Students' Activity
Steps in fieldwork

 

 

 

Geographical relationships

What are relationships?

Relationships are corrections between two or more geographical aspects. According to that view a Geographer will: -

1.  Look at the natural environment around the area of study, thus consider the physical environment.

Identify the differences within that natural environment namely: relief (mountains/hills, slopes, valleys, plains), natural vegetation cover, soils aspect, climate and drainage.

Illustration.

How the physical environment influences the physical environment (physical to physical connection).

  • Identify the type of relief (e.g. gentle slopes)

  • Identify depth type of soils (deep fertile soils).

  • Give reasons for deep fertile soils on the gentle slopes.

2.Identify the various ‘acquired’ characteristics i.e. economic and human aspect that is not natural (human landscape namely: agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining/quarrying, settlement, transport and communication.)

- Identify the different human factors.

- See how the physical factors influence human activities.

Example: drainage (lake)

Human aspect- fishing activity

Reason – presence of the lake.

Man’s activities are largely determined by the environment.

Relationship-physical to human connection.

3.  Human activities modify the landscape through construction, settlement, transport and communication i.e. man and land use.

Relationship – human-to-human connection.

NB: However the relationship could be either positive or negative.

Basically there are three types of relationships to be identified.

  • Physical factors influencing physical features.

  • Physical factors influencing human activities.

  • Human factors influencing human activities.

NB: Relationships have to be illustrated with place names and direction from the field.

 

 

 

Teachers' guide

Lesson plan