Fieldwork guide
Geographical relationships
Students' Activity
Steps in fieldwork




Geographical relationships

What are relationships?

Relationships are corrections between two or more geographical aspects. According to that view a Geographer will: -

1.  Look at the natural environment around the area of study, thus consider the physical environment.

Identify the differences within that natural environment namely: relief (mountains/hills, slopes, valleys, plains), natural vegetation cover, soils aspect, climate and drainage.


How the physical environment influences the physical environment (physical to physical connection).

  • Identify the type of relief (e.g. gentle slopes)

  • Identify depth type of soils (deep fertile soils).

  • Give reasons for deep fertile soils on the gentle slopes.

2.Identify the various ‘acquired’ characteristics i.e. economic and human aspect that is not natural (human landscape namely: agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining/quarrying, settlement, transport and communication.)

- Identify the different human factors.

- See how the physical factors influence human activities.

Example: drainage (lake)

Human aspect- fishing activity

Reason – presence of the lake.

Man’s activities are largely determined by the environment.

Relationship-physical to human connection.

3.  Human activities modify the landscape through construction, settlement, transport and communication i.e. man and land use.

Relationship – human-to-human connection.

NB: However the relationship could be either positive or negative.

Basically there are three types of relationships to be identified.

  • Physical factors influencing physical features.

  • Physical factors influencing human activities.

  • Human factors influencing human activities.

NB: Relationships have to be illustrated with place names and direction from the field.




Teachers' guide

Lesson plan